(1912-1974) US writer and critic; an MSc in chemistry, he did research for a time and for most of his career worked as a technical writer. He remains best known in the sf world for his book reviews in Astounding Science-Fiction, which first appeared in 1945 and became a regular monthly feature in October 1951 under a surtitle, The Reference Library, and continued until his death, the last instalment appearing in January 1975. He was not a particularly demanding critic, but his judgements were generally shrewd, his enthusiasm never waned, and his column's coverage was remarkably comprehensive. Largely as a by-product, he accumulated one of the largest private sf Collections; the annotated Catalogue of the Fantasy and Science Fiction Library of the Late P. Schuyler Miller (1977) is a useful bibliographical aid. In 1963 he was presented with a special Hugo for his reviewing.
However, he began as an author of fiction, being one of the more popular and accomplished sf pulp writers of the 1930s; his first story was "The Red Plague" for Wonder Stories in July 1930. He collaborated with Paul McDermott (? -? ) and Walter Dennis (1911-2003) on two connected stories, "The Red Spot of Jupiter" (July 1931 Wonder Stories) and "The Duel on the Asteroid" (January 1932 Wonder Stories), the first under the pseudonym Dennis McDermott, the second as by Miller and Dennis McDermott; the ideas inspiring each story came from Dennis, whose profile also served as a model for the original drawings of Superman (in his Clark Kent persona) by Joe Shuster (1914-1992)."The Forgotten Man of Space" (April 1933 Wonder Stories) is set on Mars, where an explorer is stranded for twenty years. He befriends the native rabbit-like fauna and when Earthmen manage to get back to Mars, intent on colonization, the original explorer sacrifices himself and kills the second expedition in order to protect and save the local fauna (> Ecology; Imperialism). "The Sands of Time" (April 1937 Astounding) is a Time Paradox tale of interest.
Alicia in Blunderland (stories June 1933-April 1934 Science Fiction Digest as by Nihil; coll of linked stories 1983) presents a sequence of spoof tales with Recursive-SF elements (> Lewis Carroll), several figures from early Fandom being represented. Later stories of note included a Time-Paradox variant, "As Never Was" (January 1944 Astounding), and "The Titan" (Winter 1934-Summer 1935 Marvel Tales, incomplete), a story whose (mild) sexual content made it unacceptable to the pulp magazines; Marvel Tales, which published it, ceased publication before the last instalment, and the story was not printed entire until The Titan (coll 1952), which assembles most of Miller's better fiction. He also collaborated with L Sprague de Camp on Genus Homo (March 1941 Super Science Stories; rev 1950), a novel set in the Far Future and filled with satirical Evolutionary marvels, for apes have taken over (> Apes as Human). [MJE/MA]
see also: Aliens; Invasion.
Peter Schuyler Miller
born Troy, New York: 21 February 1912
died Blennerhasset Island, West Virginia: 13 October 1974
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