Collodi, Carlo

Tagged: Author

Pseudonym of Italian journalist and author Carlo Lorenzini (1826-1890), active from the early 1850s, famous for his children's fantasy Le Avventure di Pinocchio: storia di un burattino (first fifteen chapters 7 July-27 October 1881 Giornale per i bambini as "La storia di un burratino"; chapters fifteen to thirty-six 1882-1883 Giornale per i bambini as "Le avventure di Pinocchio"; rev 1883; trans Mary Alice Murray as The Story of a Puppet: Or, Adventures of Pinocchio dated 1892 but 1891; vt Pinocchio's Adventures in Wonderland 1898; first uncut unexpurgated trans Geoffrey Brock vt Pinocchio 2008). The magazine version ends after fifteen chapters with the puppet hanging dead from a tree, ironically given his chthonic roots as a magical "talking tree"; but the author intermittently expanded his text, though the adventure-full thirty-six chapter version now universally familiar only reached final form on its publication as a book. Though the tale is not of course sf, its basic narrative – a puppet, which becomes a conscious "blockhead Trickster", must endure a Fantastic Voyage in its quest to become a Real Boy – has become paradigmatic for any tale in which AIs aspire to and/or become conscious [for Pinocchio, Real Boy and Trickster above, and for Disney, Walt Disney and the film Pinocchio below, see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. The Satirical implications of the original text could be read specifically to comment on poverty and politics in Italy in the later nineteenth century; translated versions lose this context.

Versions and transfigurations of the original tale are easily discovered, including many films like the full-length Disney cartoon Pinocchio (1937) produced (and effectively directed) by Walt Disney, Pinocchio in Outer Space (1965), a cartoon directed by Ray Goossens, A.I.: Artificial Intelligence (2001) directed by Steven Spielberg, Pinocchio (2019) directed by Matteo Garrone, or Pinocchio (2021), a cartoon directed by Guillermo del Toro and Mark Gustafson; and such novels as Jerome Charyn's Pinocchio's Nose (1983) or Robert Coover's Pinocchio in Venice (1991). [JC]

Carlo Lorenzini

born Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany: 24 November 1826

died Florence, Italy: 26 October 1890

works (highly selected)

  • Le Avventure di Pinocchio: storia di un burattino (Florence, Italy: Felice Paggi Libraio-Editore, 1883) [first fifteen chapters appeared 7 July 1881-27 October 1881 continued variously until 25 January 1882 Giornale per i bambini as "La storia di un burratino": magazine text revised: illus/Enrico Mazzanti: hb/nonpictorial]
    • The Story of a Puppet: Or, Adventures of Pinocchio (London: T Fisher Unwin, 1891) [dated 1892 but released for the 1891 Christmas trade: trans by Mary Alice Murray of the above: in the publisher's Children's Library series: illus/Enrico Mazzanti: hb/nonpictorial]
      • Pinocchio's Adventures in Wonderland (Boston, Massachusetts: Jordon, Marsh and Company, 1898) [vt of the above translation: author, translator and illustrator all uncredited: illus/illus boards: Enrico Mazzanti]
    • Pinocchio (New York: New York Review Books, 2008) [trans by Geoffrey Brock of the above: first uncut unexpurgated translation: pb/]

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