(1916-1993) US illustrator, art editor and designer (for the Paris Review, of which he was a founding editor, between 1953 and 1960) and author. His own novels, which he illustrated himself (he also illustrated other writers' books), are usually juveniles, though the bold intricacy of his illustrations are of general interest, and are quite capable of conveying a Sense of Wonder to those open to their fascinated wit. He began publishing with stories for younger children like Elizabeth, the Cow Ghost (1936), Giant Otto (1936), and The Flying Locomotive (1941), and much of his work employs fantasy elements, like The Great Geppy (1940), about a detective horse named Susagep (Pegasus in reverse).
Pène du Bois's later fiction, composed for older children, includes titles of sf interest. In The Twenty-One Balloons (1947), which won a Newbery Award, a retired professor, travelling across the Pacific by Balloon in August 1883, is forced down on Krakatoa, where he finds a Utopia in full swing, a highly successful Lost World financed by its inhabitants' secret trips to civilization to sell diamonds, which they have in plenty. The famous eruption of 26 August 1883 finishes the experiment, but everyone escapes by balloon. As prefaced by an elaborate frame story, the Professor narrates his remarkable adventure, within a Club Story frame, at the Western American Explorers' Club in San Francisco. The Antigravity device featured in the more straightforwardly episodic Peter Graves (1950) provides opportunities for adventure to the eponymous teenager who has been befriended by Professor Houghton, the amiable Mad Scientist responsible. The protagonist of The Giant (1954) attempts to hide an enormous child (see Great and Small) whom he has discovered next door to his Paris home. These tales, like his early work for younger readers, are shaped throughout by the luminous conviction of Pène du Bois's illustrations. [JC]
see also: Children's SF.
William Sherman Pène du Bois
born Nutley, New Jersey: 9 May 1916
died Nice, France: 5 February 1993
- The Great Geppy (New York: The Viking Press, 1940) [illus/hb/William Pène du Bois]
- The Twenty-One Balloons (New York: The Viking Press, 1947) [illus/hb/William Pène du Bois]
- Peter Graves (New York: The Viking Press, 1950) [illus/hb/William Pène du Bois]
- The Giant (New York: The Viking Press, 1954) [illus/hb/William Pène du Bois]
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