(1830-1895) UK soldier, founder in 1871 of the Royal Indian Civil Engineering College at Staines, a Conservative Member of Parliament from 1892 for Oxford, and author of some fiction, including the famous The Battle of Dorking: Reminiscences of a Volunteer (May 1871 Blackwood's Magazine; 1871 chap; principal vt The Fall of England? The Battle of Dorking: Reminiscences of a Volunteer 1871 chap) published anonymously, though the author was soon identified as "Lieut-Col George T Chesney". After great success, both in magazine and book form – only one of the many variant titles under which the book was released is recorded below – this tale virtually founded the Future War or "dreadful warning" genre of Invasion stories, which attained great popularity in the UK, as the unexpected sudden defeat of France in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871 generated waves of Paranoia and apocalyptic anxiety (for further discussion, and list of associated tales, see Battle of Dorking). An earlier and inferior story, Alfred Bate Richards's The Invasion of England (A Possible Tale of Future Times) (1870 chap, privately printed), had had little effect.
Chesney's story warns against UK military complacency and the incompetence of politicians in a bleak narrative of confusion and folly at home as the German army mounts an efficient invasion by surprise attack. The Battle of Dorking was immediately reprinted in Canada and the USA, and translated into several European languages, including German, each European nation soon being inspired into developing its own version of the invasion theme – which saw its greatest popularity, understandably, in the years immediately preceding World War One. A second tale, The New Ordeal (1879), which posited the obsolescence of war through innovations in weaponry and its replacement by tournaments, proved less popular. His last novel, The Lesters; Or, a Capitalist's Labour (1893), depicts a kind of private investment Utopia: the hero Lester chances upon a hidden treasure, becoming thereby wealthy enough to build a model City which he modestly names Lestertia, in which matters are ordered more satisfactorily (to a right-wing sensibility) than they are in England at large. Chesney was knighted in 1890. [JC/AR]
see also: Anonymous SF Authors; Games and Sports; History of SF; Near Future; Proto SF; Weapons.
General Sir George Tomkyns Chesney
born Tiverton, Devon: 30 April 1830
died London: 31 March 1895
about the author
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