Welcome to the Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by John Clute, David Langford, Peter Nicholls (emeritus) and Graham Sleight (managing). All 16,700+ entries are free online. A few sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction and more on the text; here for Frequently Asked Questions; here for advice to students on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more on searching here) or browse the menu categories to the right of the SFE logo. To identify contributors, whose initials appear at the end of each entry, click the Incoming button.

Yinhe Award

Tagged: Award

["Galaxy Award"] A prestigious accolade awarded intermittently since 1986, annually since 1991, to Chinese authors, originally organized as a collaboration between the magazines Zhuihui Shu ["Tree of Knowledge"] and Kexue Wenyi ["Science Literature and Art"]. With the folding of the former and the renaming of the latter as the more famous Kehuan Shijie ["SF World"], the award has become the sole prerogative of China's leading genre magazine, occasionally leading to gripes regarding bias and log-rolling. Regardless, it remains a touchstone for tastes and rising stars of Chinese sf, as with the Seiun Award in Japan, affording non-specialists a tantalizing glimpse of a vibrant but often overloo...

Gunn, James E

Tagged: Author | Editor | Critic

(1923-    ) US writer, critic and teacher, born in Kansas City and educated at the University of Kansas, where he worked and taught – ultimately as professor of English and journalism and Director of the Center for the Study of Science Fiction – from 1958, and where he is now Professor Emeritus while remaining the active Director of the Center. Throughout his academic career, he has published considerable sf criticism, beginning with excerpts from his MA thesis in Dynamic Science Fiction (1953-1954) and continuing with the brief The Discovery of the Future: The Ways Science Fiction Developed (1975). More notable is a competent illustrated survey of sf, Alternate Worlds: The Illustrated Histo...


Tagged: Music | People

Pseudonym of Greek composer and performer Evangelos Odysseas Papthanassiou (1943-    ). As a member of the band Aphrodite's Child – whose lead singer was Demis Roussos (Artemios Ventouris-Roussos, 1946-2015) – he was largely responsible for the musical portion of some strenuous global-apocalypse prog rock, notably the band's debut End of the World (1968), and the ambitious double album, 666 (1972). This latter work rock-operatically renders the Biblical book of Revelation into music – a project full of Gothic pomposities and intricate aural curlicues characteristic of Vangelis's musical style. This taste for grandiose religious projects carried over into Vangelis's first solo success, a sub-...

Collectible Miniatures Game

Tagged: Game | Theme

Term used to describe a form of Wargame which uses miniatures collectible in the manner of a Collectible Card Game (see also Collectibles). Thus the figures are sold in packs, some of which contain rare items distributed at random; this practice encourages the purchase of multiple packs. Figures are sold fully assembled and painted, in contrast to traditional Wargame miniatures, which are generally customized by the players before use. The first Collectible Miniatures Game was Mage Knight (2000 WizKids) designed by Jordan Weisman, Kevin Barrett and based on the magical battles of Sword and Sorcery fiction. Mage Knight was swiftly followed by a range of similar games, mostly produced by WizKi...

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