Welcome to the Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by John Clute, David Langford, Peter Nicholls (emeritus) and Graham Sleight (managing). All 16,500+ entries are free online. A few sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction and more on the text; here for Frequently Asked Questions; here for advice to students on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more on searching here) or browse the menu categories to the right of the SFE logo. To identify whose initials appear at the end of any entry, click the Incoming button.

Phantom, The

Tagged: Film | TV | Comics | Character

African jungle-dwelling Comics Superhero partially inspired by Tarzan and created by Lee Falk (1911-1999) – also the creator of Mandrake the Magician – as the star of a daily newspaper strip whose first appearance was on 17 February 1936 and which continues to be widely syndicated today. At the outset the strip was briefly drawn by Falk and then by Ray Moore (1905-1984), succeeded by many further illustrators. Like Batman, whose debut followed in May 1939, The Phantom possesses no actual Superpowers – merely great strength and intelligence – but has a terrifying reputation. Known as "The Ghost Who Walks", he is believed by fearful criminals to be Immortal; in fact he is the twenty-first in a...

Wein, Len

Tagged: Comics | Author | Editor

(1948-    ) US Comics writer and editor, initially freelancing for DC Comics from 1968 and Marvel Comics from 1970. For DC he co-created Swamp Thing with artist Bernie Wrightson in 1971; after becoming editor-in-chief at Marvel in 1974 he revived that imprint's The X-Men with artist Dave Cockrum in 1975. Later, employed as a DC writer and editor from 1979, he worked on various notable DC titles including Alan Moore's and Dave Gibbons's Watchmen. Wein has won several comics Awards including the Will Eisner Award. His novel work comprises the Ties Mayhem in Manhattan (1978) (see New York) with Marv Wolfman, an Amazing Spider-Man story; Stalker from the Stars (1978) with Ron Goulart writing as...

Gillespie, Bruce

Tagged: Author | Editor | Fan | Critic

(1947-    ) Australian educational-books and Fanzine editor, critic, essayist and Small Press publisher. Bruce Gillespie entered Fandom in late 1967 after sending Australian SF Review three essays about the works of Philip K Dick. Though not published until 1969, they led him to contribute criticism to several fanzines, and to join ANZAPA, the Australia and New Zealand Amateur Press Association (see APA). Gillespie began his own fanzine SF Commentary in January 1969. He describes his writing as "personal journalism", expressed in critical articles, reviews, personal essays and diary entries, and writing about fandom. He also published The Metaphysical Review and co-edited Steam Engine Time...

Holocaust Fiction

Tagged: Theme

The term Holocaust is used in this encyclopedia to designate the fictionally popular variety of catastrophe which is directly caused by human or occasionally Alien action, intentional or otherwise. It is not normally here used to refer to the Holocaust, which is generally understood to refer to Germany's attempted extermination of the Jews of Europe (along with Slavs, gypsies, mental "defectives", etc) during World War Two, a sustained and maniacally well-organized programme of genocide that nearly succeeded in its primary aim, and simultaneously – almost by the way – nearly destroyed the multiracial, polyglot, jostling, energy-filled civilization that had so grandly transformed the great pe...

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