Welcome to the Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by John Clute, David Langford, Peter Nicholls (emeritus) and Graham Sleight (managing). All the 17,000+ entries are free online. A few samples appear below. Click here for the Introduction and more on the text; here for Frequently Asked Questions; here for Advice to Students on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more on searching here) or browse the menu categories to the right of the SFE logo. To find what links to the current entry and to identify contributors' initials, click the Incoming/Citation button.

Atlas/Seaboard Comics

Tagged: Comics | Community

Seaboard Periodicals was founded in 1974 by former Marvel Comics publisher Martin Goodman and his son Charles "Chip" Goodman. Atlas was the name of the imprint used for Seaboard's Comics titles: the company is referred to as Atlas/Seaboard to avoid confusion with the 1950s Atlas Comics, the predecessor of Marvel Comics. The company attempted to publish a line of colour comics in various genres, including the Superheroes Ironjaw, Tiger-Man and The Cougar (created by Steve Mitchell). A line of black-and-white comics-format magazines was also launched, with Devilina perhaps being the most notable. This title featured fantasy-horror tales, usually starring female protagonists and sometimes stray...

Foglio, Phil

Tagged: Art | Author | Fan

(1956-    ) American artist and author. He received a BFA in cartooning from the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts and began his career by contributing artwork to Fanzines, winning the Hugo as Best Fan Artist in 1977 and 1978; in the late 1970s and early 1980s, he also contributed interior art to Asimov's Science Fiction and did some covers and a recurring comic strip, "What's New with Phil and Dixie", for Dragon Magazine. While his first Dragon cover, for the May 1979 issue, was an ominous-looking rendering of a horned creature in a diving suit, he was clearly stronger in producing humorous art, as seen in his final Dragon cover, for the December 1981 issue, showing a rueful little pink dragon w...

Kaufman, Charlie

Tagged: Film | People

(1958-    ) US screenwriter and filmmaker. An NYU film-school classmate of writer-director Chris Columbus, Kaufman struggled for a decade writing spec scripts for television and occasional pieces for National Lampoon while working a series of low-paid jobs in Minneapolis, before eventually landing script work on a series of now little-remembered television shows through the 1990s; the experience of protracted unsuccess remains an emotional centre of all of his major films. Of his early screenplays Human Nature, a science-based comedy about a man raised by apes, was nearly filmed by Steven {SODERBERGH} in 1996 but shelved when the director opted to make Out of Sight (1998) instead; while a 19...


Tagged: Theme

Daedalus was the first inventor hero, but he was also a bureaucrat; and when he built the Labyrinth he did so as a wage-slave or sharecropper, on hire to the king. For that reason the headword for this entry, which is about the creation of an American dream of freelance heroism, has not been formed from his name. As used here the term "edisonade" or "Edisonade" – which is derived from Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) in the same way that "Robinsonade" is derived from Robinson Crusoe – can be understood to describe any story dating from the late nineteenth century onward and featuring a young US male inventor hero who ingeniously extricates himself from tight spots and who, by so doing, saves h...

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