Welcome to the Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by John Clute, David Langford, Peter Nicholls (emeritus) and Graham Sleight (managing). All the 17,000+ entries are free online. A few samples appear below. Click here for the Introduction and more on the text; here for Frequently Asked Questions; here for Advice to Students on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more on searching here) or browse the menu categories to the right of the SFE logo. To find what links to the current entry and to identify contributors' initials, click the Incoming/Citation button.

Kensch, Otto

Tagged: Author | House name

An Australian pseudonym, or more likely House Name, used on several unremarkable Scientific Thrillers titles. Of most sf interest are Time Has a Door (1949 chap), in which a twentieth-century scientist Time-Travels to a Ruined Earth where Devolution has created Monsters, and Sleep Is Death (coll 1950 chap), the title story involving a crime writer and his Doppelganger, a figure who literally takes over its sibling's body. The Kensch byline was also used for four stories in the Australian magazine Thrills Incorporated 1950-1951, beginning with "Method for Murder" (April 1950 Thrills Incorporated). [JC/DRL] "Otto Kensch" works series Scientific Thriller Time Has a Door (Sydney, New S...

Catalan SF

Tagged: International

Catalan is not just the language of Catalonia, but a language shared with other areas of Spain, France, and even Italy. Catalan is also the official language of Andorra, the small country set in the middle of the Pyrenees. Most Catalan speakers are bilingual, with Catalan being used as a first language by fewer than half of them. There is a certainly very solid literary tradition in Catalan, which includes a long list of sf works – among them an indispensable masterpiece, Manuel de Pedrolo's Mecanoscrit del segon origen ["Typescript of the Second Origin"] (1974). Science fiction entered the domain of the Catalan language in the last quarter of the 19th century. Some nineteenth-century highl...

When the Wind Blows

Tagged: Film | Radio

Animated film (1986). Meltdown Productions. Directed by Jimmy T Murakami. Written by Raymond Briggs, based on his own When the Wind Blows (graph 1982). Cast includes John Mills and Peggy Ashcroft. 84 minutes. Colour. Before turning his bestselling Graphic Novel into a screenplay, Briggs made a Radio adaption, with the unfortunate effect that When the Wind Blows is shackled to the non-stop chatter of its two (working-class) characters. Jim (Mills) and Hilda (Ashcroft) live in Sussex, and are concerned about the approach of World War Three. They follow advice given in official pamphlets, but the aftermath of the Bomb proves much worse than the pamphlets contemplate, and they are left on their...

Terraforming

Tagged: Theme

If the Colonization of Other Worlds is not to be restricted to those that prove almost-exact duplicates of the Earth, some form of adaptation will be necessary; the colonists might adapt themselves by Genetic Engineering, as in James Blish's Pantropy series, or cyborgization (see Cyborgs), as in Frederik Pohl's Man Plus (1976), but if they are bolder they might instead adapt the worlds, by terraforming them. The term was coined by Jack Williamson in the series of stories revised as Seetee Ship (July and November 1942, January-February 1943 Astounding; fixup 1951; magazine stories and early editions as by Will Stewart), where it is used in a minor subplot, but such a project had earlier been...

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