(1873-1939) UK editor and author, born Joseph Leonard Ford Hermann Madox Hueffer into a literary family of German descent, and who signed his books Ford Madox Hueffer for the first thirty years of his career; he was in active service through almost the full extent of World War One, his experiences in the trenches directly inspiring On Heaven; And Poems Written on Active Service (coll 1918). In protest at German behaviour during the conflict he changed his name by deed poll to Ford Madox Ford, though with typical self-damaging insouciance he refrained from doing so until after hostilities had ended, in 1919, and only from 1923 did he begin to sign either reprints or original publications with his new name. A versatile man of letters, founder/editor of the English Review and the Transatlantic Review, he is best known for The Good Soldier (1915) and the four Tietjens novels assembled as Parade's End (omni 1950), now thought to be one of the central fictional accounts of the Great War and its aftermath.
Ford's first book, The Brown Owl (dated 1892 but 1891), was a children's fantasy, the only tale of this sort he wrote. His several adult fantasies, all of them romances suffused with Sex, tend to literalize the time-shifts that mark the narrative strategy of his fiction in general, his best novels being well-known for their slidings in and out of back-story. The first of these fantasies is perhaps the most exorbitant: Mr Apollo: A Just Possible Story (1908) confusingly introduces an avatar of the eponymous god to clear slums (Apollonian enlightenment is here embarrassingly literalized) and cures the protagonist of atheism (by a similar means, it is presumed). Rather more conventionally, The "Half Moon": A Romance of the Old World and the New (1909) is a complex story of seventeenth-century witchcraft, and Ladies Whose Bright Eyes (1911) is a Time-Travel tale whose protagonist, cast back to the fourteenth century, debates ownership of the Cross of St Joseph of Arimathea, and engages in a love affair with a woman named (significantly) Dionissia so intense that she is able to follow him back to the twentieth century; and The Young Lovell (1913) is another tale of Time Travel involving passions that burn through the fibre of the real. Technically more sf-like, though distant in spirit, Vive le Roy (1936) delineates a struggle for power in a future monarchical France.
Very much closer to sf, and perhaps deriving from a soon-abandoned Wellsian impulse, "The Future in London" (in London Town Past and Present: With a Chapter on the Future in London by Ford Madox Hueffer [1909 2vols] by WW Hutchings) is a nonfiction essay proposing a Baroquely geometric Near Future Utopian London encircled by a ring road 60 miles in diameter; but The Simple Life Limited (1911), as by Daniel Chaucer, which also approaches sf, attacks the kind of utopianism espoused. And into the murkily Ruritanian The New Humpty-Dumpty (1912), also as by Daniel Chaucer, Ford inserted a rather savage caricature of H G Wells, who appears as Herbert Pett, a "cockney" Great Thinker and philanderer, with a high-pitched voice, who fatally intermixes sex and revolution; Wells eventually took his revenge, portraying Ford as the inflated Theodore Bulpington in his nonfantastic novel The Bulpington of Blup: Adventures, Poses, Stresses, Conflicts and Disaster in a Contemporary Brain (1932).
The Inheritors: An Extravagant Story (1901) with Joseph Conrad is Satirical sf: cold, practical, manipulative humans of the future – Mysterious Strangers whose scheme to colonize Greenland echoes contemporary plans to develop the Belgian Congo, where Conrad's "Heart of Darkness" was set – arrive from the fourth Dimension and translate a spiritually swollen Britain into a Dystopia (see also Evolution). [JC]
Ford Madox Ford
born Merton, Surrey: 17 December 1873
died Deauville, France: 26 June 1939
Unless otherwise noted, works prior to 1923 are signed Ford Madox Hueffer and from 1923 on are signed Ford Madox Ford.
- The Brown Owl (London: T Fisher Unwin, 1891) [dated 1892: hb/]
- The Feather (London: T Fisher Unwin, 1892) [chap: hb/]
- The Inheritors: An Extravagant Story (New York: McClure, Phillips and Co, 1901) with Joseph Conrad [hb/]
- Mr Apollo: A Just Possible Story (London: Methuen, 1908) [hb/]
- The "Half Moon": A Romance of the Old World and the New (London: Eveleith Nash, 1909) [hb/]
- Ladies Whose Bright Eyes: A Romance (London: Constable and Co, 1911) [hb/]
- The Simple Life Limited (London: The Bodley Head, 1911) as by Daniel Chaucer [hb/]
- The New Humpty-Dumpty (London: The Bodley Head, 1912) as by Daniel Chaucer [physically this volume very closely resembles H G Wells's The New Machiavelli (1911), the immediate target of Ford's satire; both were published by The Bodley Head; Wells never again published with this firm: hb/]
- The Young Lovell: A Romance (London: Chatto and Windus, 1913) [hb/]
- Vive le Roy (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: J B Lippincott, 1936) [hb/]
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