Garnier, Charles-Georges-Thomas

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(1746-1795) French barrister, translator and anthologist whose first work of significance seems to have been Cabinet des fées, ou collection de contes des fées et autre contes merveilleux ["The Fairy Cabinet, or Collection of Fairy Tales and Other Marvellous Tales"] (1785-1789 41 vols) with Charles J de Mayer (1751-1825). Of strong sf interest is his vast Anthology of (in the main) Fantastic Voyage tales, Voyages imaginaires, Songes, Visions, et Romans Cabalistiques ["Imaginary Voyages, Dreams, Visions, and Cabbalistic Tales"] (anth 1787-1789 36vols) [for additional volumes see Checklist below], which early demonstrated, through its seventy-one selected texts, the importance of that mode over the previous centuries. Many significant stories are here translated from various languages; large-scale works translated from English include Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe (1719) (taking up the whole of the first three volumes), Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels (1726; rev 1735) (taking up volumes fourteen, plus part of fifteen) and Robert Paltock's Peter Wilkins (1751) (volume twenty-two, plus part of twenty-three). In his seminal The Imaginary Voyage in Prose Fiction (1941), Philip Babcock Gove analyses in detail Garnier's complex presentation of his material, describing his work as "the most important single publication in the history of the genre in any language". [JC]

Charles-Georges-Thomas Garnier

born Auxerre, Burgundy, France: 21 September 1746

died Auxerre, Burgundy, France: 24 January 1795

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