Working name of US illustrator John Brian Francis Gaughan (1930-1985). Gaughan made his first professional sale while still in school at the Dayton Art Institute; he went full-time in the mid-1950s. Prolific in both covers and interior art, he was most closely associated with Galaxy Science Fiction, for which he was Art Editor 1969-1972 and painted 38 covers over the years; he also did 29 covers for If, 11 covers for The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, seven for Asimov's and others for many other magazines. But, although his cover work was more than competent, it was his spare, often nearly abstract black-and-white interior Illustrations that dominated the field in the 1960s. He worked for paperback and hardcover book publishers, too, most notably Ace Books. Famous for his generosity in donating artwork to Fanzines, he is the only illustrator to have won Hugos for both Best Fan Artist and Best Professional Artist in the same year (1967); he won the Professional Artist award again in 1968 and 1969. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s his work became less in demand and he was in increasingly poor health, as a result producing very little sf work. This was clearly unambitious, an example being his fourteen consecutive covers 1973-1975 for the Cap Kennedy series by E C Tubb writing as by Gregory Kern.
In memory of Gaughan, the New England SF Association has since 1986 presented the annual Jack Gaughan Award for best emerging artist. Outermost: The Art & Life of Jack Gaughan (2010) by Luis Ortiz combines biography, discussion of the artist's techniques and an extensive showcase of his work. [JG/DRL]
see also: Astounding Science-Fiction; Frank R Paul Award; Skylark Award.
John Brian Francis Gaughan
born Springfield, Ohio: 24 September 1930
died 21 July 1985
about the artist
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