(? -? ) US author whose sf novel, The Mortgage on the Brain: Being the Confessions of the Late Ethelbert Craft, MD (1905), describes an electric-shock treatment which alters personality beneficially and undermines many then-conventional views of the nature of the mind and Identity. The story is a melodramatic hotchpotch, but is of interest in its reference to the ego, which is described (as in the title) as holding no more than a mortgage on its habitat, and which might indeed be so alterable that it may be deemed capable of splitting, though in good health. [JC]
see also: Psychology.
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