(1894-1981) US scholar and academic, in the latter role at Smith College from 1929 to 1941, and at Columbia University from 1941 until 1962. Some of her work – like Newton Demands the Muse: Newton's Opticks and the Eighteenth Century Poets (1946) – is indirectly useful to students of Proto SF. Of direct interest in the study of early works in the field are two books focusing on the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries: A World in the Moon: A Study of the Changing Attitude toward the Moon in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (1936); and its much more important sequel Voyages to the Moon (1948; vt Voyages to the Moon: Discourse on Voyages to the Moon, the Sun, the Planets and Other Worlds Generally, Written by Divers Authors from the Earliest Times to the Time of the First Balloon Ascensions Made during the Years 1783-1784 with Remarks on their Sources and an Epilogue about a few Selected Later Works of this Kind; to which is Appended a Bibliography of 133 Works up to the Year 1784 with an Added Listing of 58 Books and Articles Dealing with the Theme Itself and with Related Sciences 1960), a seminal text amply described by the subtitle to the otherwise unaltered second edition. The Fantastic Voyages to the Moon here dealt with are primarily English, though the thorough checklist includes many Continental works as well. Nicolson was the second winner of the Pilgrim Award, in 1971. A posthumous festschrift – «Zephyr and Boreas: Winds of Change in the Fiction of Ursula K Le Guin: A Festschrift in Memory of Pilgrim Award Winner, Marjorie Hope Nicolson» (anth 1997) ed Robert Reginald and George Edgar Slusser – focusing as stated on Ursula K Le Guin was announced by Borgo Press but never published. [JC/PN]
see also: Critical and Historical Works About SF.
Marjorie Hope Nicolson
born Yonkers, New York: 18 February 1894
died White Plains, New York: 9 March 1981
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