(1914-1996) US author and sf fan who founded and issued what may have been the first sf Fanzine, Cosmic Stories, in 1929. In October 1932, with the illustrator Joe Shuster (1914-1992), he issued another Fanzine, Science Fiction, one of the earliest occasions on which the term was used in a title; it ran for five issues, publishing stories by Raymond A Palmer and others. In the same year he published a story, Guests of the Earth (1932 chap) as by Hugh Langley, in which Venusian aliens seemingly land in America; it turns out to be a hoax, though the iron capsule they travel in is sufficiently advanced for the story to count as sf.
Also with Shuster he created the comic Superman, which first appeared in 1938, after they had spent years trying to sell the idea to publishers. Unfortunately, National Allied Comics (see DC Comics) bought their idea outright, a sweat-shop practice insisted upon by comics publishers until recently; Siegel's relations with the firm were tempestuous (though by the end of his career with DC he had scripted 788 stories for various comics), and the long saga of the team's attempts to gain acknowledgement and a small cut of DC's huge Superman-based income has become a famous salutary fable. [JC]
born Cleveland, Ohio: 17 October 1914
died Los Angeles, California: 28 January 1996
- Guests of the Earth (Cleveland, Ohio: Fantastic Fiction Publications, 1932) as by Hugh Langley [chap: mimeographed, stapled, printed one side of paper only: afterword by Forrest J Ackerman: pb/nonpictorial]
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