UK Fanzine edited by Peter Weston from Birmingham 1963-1973. 33 issues; mostly duplicated; UK quarto paper.
The first six issues, October 1963 to September 1964, were titled Zenith; the next seven, December 1964 to July 1966, carried the transitional title Zenith-Speculation; thereafter, from #14 in October 1966, it was simply Speculation. Averaging 60pp in its final incarnation, Speculation was for many years consistently the UK's best amateur magazine of comment and criticism. Regular contributors included James Blish, Kenneth Bulmer, M John Harrison, Michael Moorcock and Frederik Pohl. Several fans whose writing often appeared in Speculation later became sf writers, Christopher Priest and Brian M Stableford among them. The final issue, #33 (a Cordwainer Smith special), though printed in 1973, was not distributed until 1976. A spinoff from the magazine was a short series of three one-day Conventions organized by Weston, the Speculation Conferences held in Birmingham, England, in June 1970, June 1971 and June 1972; the establishment of Novacon as Birmingham's sf convention made it seem unnecessary to continue. [PN/DRL]
see also: New Wave.
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