(circa 1844-1913) US academic and author whose anthropological (see Anthropology) sf novel, From Monkey to Man, or Society in the Tertiary Age: A Story of the Missing Link [for full title see Checklist] (1894), suggests the Ice Age (see Climate Change) as the effective cause of the Missing Link's expulsion from the Garden of Eden (see Apes as Human), and that proto-men's struggles with snakes were the reason the Serpent has subsequently been symbolized as Evil. [JC]
see also: Evolution; Origin of Man.
born Shelley's Island, Pennsylvania: circa 1844
died Chicago, Illinois: 12 April 1913
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