Welcome to the Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, which we are publishing online in collaboration with Gollancz and the SF Gateway. This new version climaxes thirty-five years of work (with breaks) for the senior editors, and is much expanded from previous editions of the Encyclopedia: from the 1979 First Edition, with Peter Nicholls, who had conceived the project in 1975, serving as General Editor; and the 1993 Second Edition, edited by John Clute and Peter Nicholls, which itself took on various forms over the years. Two of its reprintings (in 1995 and augmented in 1999) featured an appendix listing corrections and addenda; and a separate CD-ROM version, which added over 65,000 words to the original text (see Introduction to the CD-ROM Edition), also appeared in 1995.
The Third Edition takes as its starting point the text of the 1995 CD-ROM edition. The difficult task of transforming that version into usable form – a task including though not limited to restoration of lost material, repair of missing and broken links, reinstatement of accents stripped from characters (for example, "é" was reduced to "e" throughout), and insertion of corrections published elsewhere – was chiefly carried out by David Langford, and further refined by Clare Coney.
The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction is and always will be a work in progress, a situation more clearly evident in the present era of regular online updates than when the book editions' snapshots of the sf field necessarily remained static for many years. Owing to the sheer amount of new material published since 1995, and also to the ambitious scale of our improvements to the coverage, we did not expect to complete our essential updating of the Third Edition before the end of 2012. As a marker of progress up to the point when this site went live, we had by the beginning of October 2011 expanded the 1,378,000 words contained in the CD-ROM to over 3,200,000 words and the entry count from 6731 to 12,230; while the 43,000 internal links of 1995 had grown to some 113,500 internal hyperlinks. But much remains to be done. Although most existing author entries have now been updated and most high-priority new authors inserted, there are many further authors in need of entries and new ones emerging daily; while updates in several other areas including country ("International") entries, critics, editors, films and publishers are as yet incomplete though not limited to any particular segment of the alphabet. Work continues, with regular scheduled updates of this website as a whole; our contract specifies at least monthly updating, and in practice this is done twice a week if not more frequently. The hyperlinks continue to grow in number and usefulness. Expressed hopes of reaching 4,000,000 words of text by the end of 2012 were not quite realized, but we passed this threshold in January 2013.
We are pleased and grateful that despite its being a work in progress, this third edition of the encyclopedia won the 2012 British Science Fiction Association Award for Best Nonfiction, the 2012 European SF Society award as Best Promoter (of the sf genre) and the 2012 Hugo for Best Related Work.
The chief editors for this third edition are John Clute, once again the most prolific contributor, who has written many new author entries and updated existing ones, introducing substantial new features like the end-of-entry Checklists, which now register well over 54,000 individual titles (see Editorial Practices: Checklists); and David Langford, who besides extensive technical work has added or updated a variety of entries in various categories, principally themes, terminology and Awards. Editor Emeritus Peter Nicholls wrote or revised some entries in the current edition, and exercised some quality control via editorial advice on a number of other entries, but on a very much smaller scale than previously. Graham Sleight (Managing Editor) has liaised with Gollancz and the website designers STEEL of London, as well as dealing with our finances, making many corrections and additions and writing several entries.
Contributing Editors are as follows. Mike Ashley has greatly expanded and updated the coverage of Magazines, and undertaken considerable research to amplify author birth and death data. Jonathan Clements has written large numbers of new and updated entries for China, Japan and related authors and artists, plus selected Far Eastern Cinema and Manga productions. John-Henri Holmberg has added and updated a number of Scandinavian entries, especially Swedish and Norwegian authors and the country entry for Sweden. Nick Lowe has added and updated a considerable number of Cinema entries. Abigail Nussbaum has added and updated a number Television entries. John Platt has added and updated a number of Comics entries. Adam Roberts has introduced an entirely new complex of SF Music entries. Neal Tringham has introduced an entirely new and very extensive complex of Games entries. Gary Westfahl has expanded and updated the artist/illustrator entries, following preliminary work in this area by John Grant. The Contributing Editors, especially Mike Ashley, have also supplied many suggestions and corrections outside their own official spheres.
Clare Coney (Technical Editor) has performed a thorough job of proofreading and copyediting much of the text, despite the extreme difficulty of doing so while Clute, Langford and many others were constantly incorporating new material throughout. Roger Robinson (Research Editor) continues to provide bibliographic support and to maintain the data resource highly useful for work on most entries, and essential for author Checklists. Rachel Haywood-Ferreira (Latin America/Iberia Subeditor) coordinates contributors of Latin American, Portuguese and Spanish entries. Farah Mendlesohn (Academic Subeditor) supervises work on critics' entries.
Further contributors of information, entries, partial entries and/or other much-valued support are detailed under Contributors. Providers of other much-valued assistance appear under Acknowledgments. Our thanks to all.
As a register of our progress towards the unattainable state of actual completion, graphic comparisons of word and entry counts – between the 1979 and 1993 print versions, the 1995 CD-ROM of the Second Edition, and the current state of the Third Edition – are irregularly updated on the Encyclopedia editors' home page [see links below]. See also the Statistics page. In May 2013 we introduced a visual extension of the Encyclopedia in the form of the Picture Gallery [again see links below].
Comments, corrections and suggestions may be emailed to the editors using the email contact link below.
John Clute, David Langford, Peter Nicholls and Graham Sleight
October 2011-September 2013
about this encyclopedia
These preliminary entries ("prelims" in publishing jargon) are equivalent to the front matter in a book, and indeed much of the material comes from the corresponding sections of the previous book editions and the 1995 CD-ROM.
about the Encyclopedia website
Previous versions of this entry