Seiun Award

Tagged: Award

["Nebula Award"] The name for a set of genre prizes voted on by members of the annual Japanese Science Fiction Convention. These Awards take their name from the short-lived Seiun ["Nebula"], a single-issue magazine published by Tetsu Yano in 1954, and acknowledged as Japan's first. Despite the titular resemblance to the Nebula awards given by Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America, the convention-going fan-centred voting process and footprint of the Seiun Awards is more similar to that of the Hugos. Considering the vast proportion of awards doled out to either Hayakawa Shobō publications or stories in Hayakawa's SF Magazine, a cynic might suggest they should be called the Hayakawa Awards.

Although a list of recommendations is drawn up by Japan's Science Fiction Fan Group, voters are free to include any qualifying works on their ballots, arguably opening the field to grass-roots opinion. Voters customarily only include serials that are deemed to have ended, often postponing nominations for best-selling sagas for several years, as in the case of Yoshiki {TANAKA}'s Ginga Eiyū Densetsu ["Legend of Galactic Heroes"] (1982-1987) and Masaki Yamada's Kishin Heidan ["Machine-God Soldiers"] (1990-1994), only honored several years after their first volumes appeared in print. Such a voting practice can lead to the outward appearance of over-sentimentality with a number of posthumous awards, denoting not only fond remembrance for the likes of Tadashi Hirose, but as in the case of the tardy win for Kaoru {KURIMOTO}, a sense of closure with the truncation of the Guin Saga that would have otherwise been regarded as ongoing.

However, this practice is often defeated by over-eager voters unaware of the precedents, and by authors whose fixups are only commissioned after the fact, as in the case of Hōsuke Nojiri, who won for both the original short story and later novel expansion of Taiyō no Sandatsusha ["Usurper of the Sun"] (September 1999 SF Magazine; exp 2002). Other awards pre-emptively declare that as-yet unfinished serial publications constitute a complete "novel", such as the Seiun for Chiaki Kawamata's fixup Kaseijin Senshi ["The Early History of the Martians"] (1984), awarded three years before its official publication in book form. Similarly, if this rule were vigorously enforced, Chōhei Kanbayashi's Yukikaze series would surely have only won a single award, and not the three it has picked up during the course of its existence. Similar blurring seems to have occurred between the Nonfiction category and the occasional Special prizes and/or Free voting, as in the case of an award for the invention of the Sony Aibo Robot Dog as "Nonfiction". The media category sideslipped from the usual Cinema and Television material with its award to a Videogame, Gun Parade March (2000).

The Seiuns' foreign-language category can present an interesting snapshot of what Takayuki {TATSUMI} has termed the "time lag" between English-language publication and Japanese translation, such as the tardy rediscovery of Cordwainer Smith, as well as intriguing variations in taste between East and West. Such cognitive dissonance, of course, extends in both directions, with Anime greats such as the works of Hayao Miyazaki receiving Japanese recognition long before they appeared on the Hugo ballots. The Comics category, on the Seiun ballot since 1978, universally doles out its awards to local products (> Manga).

In the twenty-first century, the Seiun Awards have attained a more vital role in the transnational spread of Japanese science fiction, with a Seiun win usually guaranteeing the attention of English-language publishers such as Haikasoru or Kurodahan. As with this encyclopedia entry, the Seiuns serve as a portal to much that Japanese SF has to offer. [JonC]

Japanese Novel

Japanese Short Story

  • 1970: Yasutaka Tsutsui, "Full Nelson" (October 1969 SF Magazine)
  • 1971: Yasutaka Tsutsui, "Vitamin" (June 1970 SF Magazine)
  • 1972: Yoshio {ARAMAKI}, "Shirokabe no Moji wa Yūhi ni Haeru" (February 1971 SF Magazine)
  • 1973: Sakyō Komatsu, "Kessho Seidan" (September 1972 SF Magazine)
  • 1974: Yasutaka Tsutsui, "Nippon Igai Zenbu Chinbotsu" (September 1973 All Yomimono)
  • 1975: Masaki Yamada, "Kamigari" (July 1974 SF Magazine)
  • 1976: Sakyō Komatsu, "Bomisa" (July 1975 SF Magazine)
  • 1977: Yasutaka Tsutsui, "Metamorphosis Guntō"
  • 1978: Sakyō Komatsu, "Gordias no Musubime"
  • 1979: Shinji {KAIJO}, "Chikyū wa Plain Yoghurt" (July 1978 SF Magazine)
  • 1980: Haruka Takachiho, "Dirty Pair no Daibōken" (February 1979 SF Magazine)
  • 1981: Motoko Arai, "Green Requiem" (September 1980 Kisō Tengai)
  • 1982: Motoko Arai, "Neptune" (January 1981 SF Magazine)
  • 1983: Chōhei Kanbayashi, "Kotobazukaishi" (September 1982 SF Magazine)
  • 1984: Chōhei Kanbayashi, "Super Phoenix" (June 1983 SF Magazine)
  • 1985: no award
  • 1986: Masahiro {NODA}, "Lemon Pie Oyashiki Zero Banchi" (February 1985 SF Magazine)
  • 1987: Kōshū {TANI}, "Martian Railroad Ikkyū" (December 1986 SF Magazine)
  • 1988: Norio {NAKAI}, "Yama no Ue no Kōkyōgaku" (October 1987 SF Magazine)
  • 1989: Jin {KUSAMI}, Kurage no Hi (1988 chap)
  • 1990: Mariko {ŌHARA}, "Aqua Planet" (January 1989 SF Magazine)
  • 1991: Baku {YUMEMAKURA}, "Jōdan no Tsuki wa Kurau Inoshishi" (June 1990 SF Magazine)
  • 1992: Shinji {KAJIO}, "Kyōryū Laurentiis no Genshi" (March 1991 SF Magazine)
  • 1993: Hiroe Suga, "Sobakasu no Figure" (August 1992 SF Magazine)
  • 1994: Kenji {ŌTSUKI}, "Kuruguru Tsukai" (August 1993 SF Magazine)
  • 1995: Kenji {ŌTSUKI}, "Nonoko no Fukushu Jigujigu" (February 1994 SF Magazine)
  • 1996: Kō {HIURA}, Hitonatsu no Keikenchi (1995 chap)
  • 1997: Jin {KUSAKAMI}, "Diet no Hōteishiki" (October 1996 SF Magazine)
  • 1998: Mariko {ŌHARA}, "Independence Day in Osaka" (March 1997 SF Bakahon)
  • 1999: Hiroyuki Morioka, "Yoake no Terrorist" (February 1998 SF Magazine)
  • 2000: Hōsuke Nojiri, Taiyō no Sandatsusha ["The Usurper of the Sun"] (November 1999 SF Magazine)
  • 2001: Shinji {KAJIO}, "Ashibiki Daydream" (in SF Japan Millennium 00 anth 2000)
  • 2002: Hirofumi {TANAKA}, Ginga Teikoku no Kōbō mo Fude no Ayamari (2001 chap)
  • 2003: Mizuhito {AKIYAMA}, "Ore wa Missile" (February 2002 SF Magazine)
  • 2004: Shinji {KAIJO}, Yomibito Shirazu (2003 chap)
  • 2005: Hirotaka {TOBI}, Katadorareta Chikara (2004 chap)
  • 2006: Issui Ogawa "Tadayotta Otoko" ["Drifting Man"] (in Rō Vár no Wakusei, anth 2005)
  • 2007: Hōsuke Nojiri, "Furoshiki to Kumo no Ito" ["The Loincloth and the Spider's Thread"] (April 2006 SF Magazine)
  • 2008: Hōsuke Nojiri, Chinmoku no Fly-by (2007 chap)
  • 2009: Hōsuke Nojiri, "Nankyokuten no Pira Pia Dōga" (April-May 2008 SF Magazine)
  • 2010: Hirotaka {TOBI}, "Jisei no Yume" (December 2009 NOVA 1)
  • 2011: Issui Ogawa, "Arisuma-ō no Aishita Mamono" (February 2010 SF Magazine)
  • 2012: Hōsuke Nojiri, "Utau sensuikan to Pia Pia dōga" ["The Singing Submarine and the Pia Pia Cartoon"] (August 2011 SF Magazine)
  • 2013: Chohei Kanbayashi, "Ima Shuugouteki Muishikio" (?? 2012 SF Magazine)
  • 2014: Kosyu Tani, ??

Foreign Language Novel

Foreign Language Short Story

  • 1970: Thomas M Disch, "The Squirrel Cage" (October 1966 New Worlds; October 1969 SF Magazine trans Norio Itō)
  • 1971: Ray Bradbury, "The Poems" (January 1945 Weird Tales; January 1970 SF Magazine trans Norio Itō)
  • 1972: Ray Bradbury, "The Blue Bottle" (Fall 1950 Planet Stories as "Death-Wish"; vt in A Sea of Space, anth 1970, ed William F Nolan; April 1971 SF Magazine trans Norio Itō)
  • 1973: Ray Bradbury, "The Black Ferris" (May 1948 Weird Tales; January 1972 SF Magazine trans Norio Itō)
  • 1974: Arthur C Clarke, "A Meeting with Medusa" (December 1971 Playboy; September 1973 SF Magazine trans Norio Itō)
  • 1975: R A Lafferty, "Eurema's Dam" (in New Dimensions II, anth 1972, ed Robert Silverberg; October 1974 SF Magazine trans Norio Itō)
  • 1976: A Bertram Chandler, "Wet Paint" (May 1959 Amazing; April 1975 SF Magazine trans Norio Itō)
  • 1977: Stanisław Lem, "Rozprawa" (March 1976 SF Magazine trans Dan Fukami)
  • 1978: no award
  • 1979: Larry Niven, "All the Myriad Ways" (October 1968 Galaxy; October 1978 SF Magazine trans Takumi Shibano)
  • 1980: no award
  • 1981: Larry Niven, "A Relic of Empire" (December 1966 If; February 1980 SF Magazine trans Takumi Shibano)
  • 1982: Thomas M Disch, "The Brave Little Toaster" (August 1980 F&SF; December 1981 SF Magazine trans Hisashi Kuroma)
  • 1983: George R R Martin, "Nightflyers" (April 1980 Analog; August 1982 SF Magazine trans Hitoshi Yasuda)
  • 1984: Roger Zelazny, "Unicorn Variation" (April 1981 Asimov's; September 1983 SF Magazine trans Jun Kazami)
  • 1985: no award
  • 1986: no award
  • 1987: John Varley, "PRESS ENTER _" (May 1984 Asimov's; February 1986 SF Magazine trans Jun Kazami)
  • 1988: James Tiptree Jr, "The Only Neat Thing to Do" (October 1985 F&SF; January 1987 SF Magazine trans Hisashi Kuroma)
  • 1989: Orson Scott Card, "Eye for Eye" (March 1987 Asimov's; November 1988 SF Magazine trans Mariko Fukamachi)
  • 1990: Cordwainer Smith, "Think Blue, Count Two" (February 1963 Galaxy; February 1989 SF Magazine trans Norio Itō)
  • 1991: George Alec Effinger, "Schrödinger's Kitten" (September 1988 Omni; February 1990 SF Magazine trans Hisashi Kuroma)
  • 1992: John Varley, "Tango Charlie and Foxtrot Romeo" (in Blue Champagne, coll 1986; October 1991 SF Magazine trans Hisashi Kuroma)
  • 1993: R A Lafferty, "Groaning Hinges of the World" (in The Ruins of Earth, anth 1971, ed Thomas M Disch; April 1992 SF Magazine trans Hisashi Kuroma)
  • 1994: Greg Bear, "Tangents" (January 1986 Omni; November 1993 SF Magazine trans Akinobu {SAKAI})
  • 1995: Cordwainer Smith, "A Planet Named Shayol" (October 1961 Galaxy; June 1994 SF Magazine trans Norio Itō)
  • 1996: Isaac Asimov, "Robot Visions" (in Robot Visions, coll 1990; December 1995 SF Magazine trans Norio Itō)
  • 1997: Greg Bear, "Heads" (July-August 1990 Interzone; February 1996 SF Magazine trans Kazuko Onoda)
  • 1998: Allen Steele, "The Death of Captain Future" (October 1995 Asimov's; September 1997 SF Magazine trans Masahiro {NODA})
  • 1999: Dan Simmons, "This Year's Class Picture" (in Still Dead, anth 1992, ed John M Skipp & Craig Spector; October 1998 SF Magazine trans Yōichi Shimada)
  • 2000: James Tiptree Jr, "Out of the Everywhere" (in Out of the Everywhere, and Other Extraordinary Visions, coll 1981; March 1999 SF Magazine trans Norio Itō)
  • 2001: Greg Egan, "Oceanic" (August 1998 Asimov's; January 2000 SF Magazine trans Makoto Yamagishi)
  • 2002: (tie) Ted Chiang, "Story of Your Life" (in Starlight 2, anth 1998, ed Patrick Nielsen Hayden; September 2001 SF Magazine), and Greg Egan, "Reasons to be Cheerful" (April 1997 Interzone; in 20-Seiki SF 6, anth 2001, trans Makoto Yamagishi)
  • 2003: Greg Egan, "Luminous" (September 1995 Asimov's; in 90-nendai SF Kessaku, anth 2002, trans Makoto Yamagishi)
  • 2004: Ted Chiang, "Hell is the Absence of God" (in Starlight 3, anth 2001, ed Patrick Nielsen Hayden; in Anata no Jinsei no Monogatari, anth 2003, trans Yoshimichi Furusawa)
  • 2005: Theodore Sturgeon, "And Now the News . . ." (December 1956 F&SF; July 2004 SF Magazine trans Nozomu Omori)
  • 2006: Ken MacLeod, The Human Front (2002 chap; August 2005 SF Magazine trans Yoshimichi Furusawa)
  • 2007: Adam-Troy Castro and Jerry Oltion, "The Astronaut from Wyoming" (July/August 1999 Analog; July 2006 SF Magazine trans Hisashi Asakura)
  • 2008: Alastair Reynolds, "Weather" (in Galactic North, coll 2006; August 2007 SF Magazine trans Hisaya Nakahara)
  • 2009: Ted Chiang, The Merchant and the Alchemist's Gate (2007 chap; January 2008 SF Magazine trans Nozomu Omori)
  • 2010: Greg Egan, "Dark Integers" (October/November 2007 Asimov's; March 2009 SF Magazine trans Makoto Yamagishi)
  • 2011: James Lovegrove, "Carry the Moon in my Pocket" (in Moon Shots, anth 1999, ed Peter Crowther; trans in Uchū Kaihatsu Kessaku-sen: Wyoming-umare no Uchū Hikōshi ["Masterpieces of Space Exploration: The Astronaut from Wyoming"], anth 2010)
  • 2012: Ted Chiang, The Lifecycle of Software Objects (2010; January 2011 SF Magazine trans Nozomu Omori)
  • 2013: Paolo Bacigalupi, "Pocketful of Dharma" (February 1999 F&SF; ?? 2012 SF Magazine trans Hiroshi Kaneko)
  • 2014: Ken Liu, "The Paper Menagerie" (March/April 2011 F&SF; January 2013 SF Magazine trans Yoshimichi Furusawa)

Best Media of the Year

Best Comic of the Year

(> Manga)

  • 1978: Keiko {TAKEMIYA}, Terra e
  • 1979: Hideo {AZUMA}, Fujōri Nikki
  • 1980: Moto {HAGIO}, Star Red
  • 1981: Wakako {MIZUGI}, Densetsu
  • 1982: Katsuhiro Ōtomo, Kibun wa mō Sensō
  • 1983: Moto {HAGIO}, Gin no Sankaku
  • 1984: Katsuhiro Ōtomo, Dōmu
  • 1985: Moto {HAGIO}, X+Y
  • 1986: Masamune {SHIROW}, Appleseed
  • 1987: Rumiko {TAKAHASHI}, Urusei Yatsura
  • 1988: Masami {YŪKI}, Kyūkyoku Chōjin
  • 1989: Rumiko {TAKAHASHI}, Mermaid's Forest
  • 1990: Megumi {WAKATSUKI}, So What?
  • 1991: Eiji Yokoyama, Uchū Daizakka
  • 1992: Yukinobu Hoshino, Yamataika
  • 1993: Natsumi {ITSUKI}, OZ
  • 1994: Miki {TORI} and Grant Leauvas Monogatari by Kyōko {SHITŌ}, Dai-honya
  • 1995: Hayao Miyazaki, Kaze no Tani no Nausicaä
  • 1996: Hitoshi {IWAAKI}, Kiseijū
  • 1997: Kazuhiro {FUJITA}, Ushio & Tora
  • 1998: Miki {TORI}, SF Taishō
  • 1999: Eiji Yokoyama, Runna-hime Hōrōki
  • 2000: Wakako {MIZUKI}, Itihaasa
  • 2001: {CLAMP}, Cardcaptor Sakura
  • 2002: Makoto Yukimura, Planetes
  • 2003: Yūichi {HASEGAWA}, Chronoeyes
  • 2004: Kyōko {HIKAWA}, Kanata Kara
  • 2005: Izumi {KAWAHARA}, Bremen II
  • 2006: Reiko {OKANO}, Onmyōji
  • 2007: Hitoshi {ASHINANO}, Yokohama Kaidashi Kikō
  • 2008: Naoki Urasawa, 20th Century Boys
  • 2009: Yasuhiro {NIGHTOW}, Trigun Maximum
  • 2010: Naoki Urasawa, Osamu Tezuka et al, Pluto
  • 2011: Hiromu Arakawa, Fullmetal Alchemist
  • 2012: Yoshikazu {YASUHIKO}, Gundam: The Origin
  • 2013: Yukinobu Hoshino, Inherit the Stars, based on the Minervan Experiment/Giants sequence by James P Hogan
  • 2014: Marukawa Tomohiro, The World of Narue

Best Artist of the Year

  • 1979: Naoyuki Katō
  • 1980: Noriyoshi Ōrai Noriyoshi
  • 1981: Yoshikazu {YASUHIKO}
  • 1982: Shusei Nagaoka
  • 1983: Yoshitaka Amano
  • 1984: Yoshitaka Amano
  • 1985: Yoshitaka Amano
  • 1986: Yoshitaka Amano
  • 1987: Michiaki Satō
  • 1988: Jun Suemi
  • 1989: Hiroyuki {KATŌ}; and Keisuke {GOTŌ}
  • 1990: Katsumi Michihara
  • 1991: Eiji Yokoyama
  • 1992: Masamune {SHIROW}
  • 1993: Keinojō Mizutama
  • 1994: Hitoshi Yoneda
  • 1995: Keinojō Mizutama
  • 1996: Akihiro {YAMADA}
  • 1997: Yuji {KAIDA}
  • 1998: Shigeru {MIZUKI}
  • 1999: Takami {AKAI}
  • 2000: Kenji {TSURUTA}
  • 2001: Kenji {TSURUTA}
  • 2002: Katsuya {TERADA}
  • 2003: Makoto Shinkai
  • 2004: Daisuke {NISHIJIMA}
  • 2005: Makoto Shinkai
  • 2006: Range {MURATA}
  • 2007: Yoshitaka Amano
  • 2008: Naoyuki Katō
  • 2009: Naoyuki Katō
  • 2010: Naoyuki Katō
  • 2011: Naoyuki Katō
  • 2012: Naohiro {WASHIO}
  • 2013: Kenji Tsuruta
  • 2014: Naoyuki Katō

Nonfiction of the Year

Free Genre

  • 2002: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, H-IIA Rocket
  • 2003: Kawada Industries and Yutaka {IZUBUCHI}, Humanoid Robot HRP-2 Promet
  • 2004: Toshio Okada (> {GAINAX}), Royal Science Museum Series One
  • 2005: Japan Pavilion of the 9th Venice Bienniale of Architecture
  • 2006: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, MUSES-C Hayabusa probe landing on the asteroid Itokawa
  • 2007: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, M-V Rocket
  • 2008: Crypton Future Media Co, Hatsune Miku
  • 2009: no award
  • 2010: Sunrise and Nomura Co Ltd, Gundam 30th Anniversary Project (statue)
  • 2011: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, MUSES-C Hayabusa probe's return to Earth
  • 2013: CiRA (Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University), iPS cells
  • 2014: Nova SF

Special Prize

  • 1982: {UCHŪJIN}, as Japan's longest-running SF Fanzine; > (Takumi Shibano)
  • 1989: Osamu Tezuka
  • 2005: Tetsu Yano
  • 2007: Yoshihiro {YONEZAWA}
  • 2008: Masahiro {NODA}
  • 2010: Takumi Shibano
  • 2012: no award

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